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Magicians aren’t the only ones who can manipulate and deceive


Foreign powers can use false and deliberately deceptive information to try to disrupt or skew our democratic discourse. By targeting societal weaknesses, they can influence your opinions, actions and decisions. The Psychological Defense Agency works to protect the open and democratic society in Sweden.

A magician never reveals his tricks, but on this website we have gathered some tips on how to identify false and deceptive information and increase your resilience.

Don’t be fooled.


Foreign powers can use false and deliberately deceptive information to try to disrupt or skew our democratic discourse. By targeting societal weaknesses, they can influence your opinions, actions and decisions. The Psychological Defense Agency works to protect the open and democratic society in Sweden.

A magician never reveals his tricks, but on this website we have gathered some tips on how to identify false and deceptive information and increase your resilience.

Don’t be fooled.

Bli inte lurad – a handbook about recognizing false and deceptive information (in Swedish)

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Open debates, differences of opinion, and the freedom to try to persuade others, are vital parts of a functioning democratic society. Correct and verified information allows for people to make informed decisions.

False and deceptive information exploits weaknesses in our societies to disrupt the public discourse and support a foreign or secret agenda. A foreign power can knowingly interfere in Sweden’s national affairs, with the sole purpose to sow division and distrust between citizens and between the citizens and the state.